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Noli 1.1 Once More, Old Manila


“The first interesting thing about angels, Mr. Lipwig, is that sometimes, very rarely, at a point in a man’s career where he has made such a foul and tangled mess of his life that death appears to be the only sensible option, an angel appears to him, or,  should say, unto him, and offers him a chance to go back to the moment when it all went wrong, and this time do it right.”

– Lord Vetinari, “Going Postal”, by Terry Pratchett

To cut a long story short, that just happened.

So, we return to Manila in 1887.

Cast back to that moment a young man steps off the boarding ramp and winces as his foot takes his first step onto Philippine soil; lightning shooting up from the balls of his feet, up his spine, to set his brain afire in a riot of explosions to rival the celebrations of New Year’s Day.

He staggers, and a helpful other passenger holds him steady. “Easy there, friend,” the man says. “After so much time at sea, it might take some time to get your land legs back.”

Blinking, the Filipino switches between looking up at the man and to his family behind him. He smiles hesitantly. “Thank you, sir. I am fine. If you are here on vacation with your family, I hope Manila does not disappoint. The greatest charms of this nation are in the countryside, wonders timeless and natural, not man-made, but then – ah! The countryside is still not yet safe.”

He takes a step further, turns and doffs his hat to bow. “Welcome to the Philippines, señor and señora. I pray you do not mind its rustic nature, for it is a nation caught between old and the new, and when it finally decides – it shall change its character, suddenly and explosively. Welcome to the Philippines, you have picked a great time to visit. Change has come to this shores, after a time as short as five years, you might not recognize it anymore at all.”

He chuckles, in a way that the family finds discomfiting, and moves on. The dog on a leash by his side barks at the family as if to say ‘Goodbye! Take care!’ and jogs as fast as its little legs can go to match its master’s purposeful stride.

In brief, that young man is myself.

And this is Manila. My Manila.

Look about you! Compared to the cities of Europe, it certainly seems squat, wooden, dusty, and provincial. It is a time capsule, through three hundred years changing only little but little. Berlin was an artful place, it shall shine forever in my heart.

But the Pearl of the Orient contains its own virtue, a traveler returning from abroad might find comfort in the constancy of one’s own hometown. Hers is a practical home, one often ravaged by wind and fire and earthquakes; her architectural style is mandated by law.

Bit by bit one might see improvements – the long suspension bridge crossing the Pasig River, the first of such in Asia. The horse-drawn tramvia, standing public transport cabs rolling on small rails for the urbane and economical, the far predecessor of public light rail transit. Imported electric lights light up Puente de Espana, the Bridge of Spain crossing the Pasig River, still dimly lit this dawn.

The misty haze of the cold early morning makes it all seem like a dream; welcome, welcome, lost child!; she seems to open her arms no matter how long you have strayed.

But even the cities of present day Europe would pale behind my strange memories of the future that is Metro Manila. One of the world’s largest metropolises.

In the horizon, what I see now as forests and farmland and little collections of straw-roofed villages would be cities in themselves. There in my dreams awaits a place with more people in it than many European nations even in its century, a place almost completely paved over with concrete. A stone trap of alternately of choking heat and flooded streets. A jigsaw collection of streets and lights, beating in tune with the pulse of global commerce.

This Manila is almost quiet by comparison, even with its busy docks, even with the grating cacophony of moving carts. There are no neon lights, there is not the ambient and forgettable music drifting from stereo speakers both on and off the road. She does not blaze with light to outshine the heavens. Here single-stack steamers huddle against the piers like ducklings, while larger ocean-going vessels preside over them like stately white geese. Small sampans carrying cargo and passengers sidle against the shores of the Pasig River; still not yet raised with dikes to protect against seasonal flooding.

This city is a gridwork of streets, orderly as a chessboard, and more forthright than the priesthood that commanded these islands for the past three and three-quarter centuries.

At night this city, all of it, sleeps.

This place here where the Chinese are still considered menial servants, instead of the richest people in the country, save those who (like Rizal’s own ancestors) intermarried with the mestizos and took new names. Japanese settlers too once made their residence in the Paco area and assimilated into the community. If Manila has Chinatown, far south in Davao there I might find a Little Tokyo. Ironically, most immigrated here for trade and for freedom from religious persecution. My Philippines, with your not even seven million people, while Japan has almost thirty million – they come here to you in this time as migrant laborers! The Christians expulsed by your Shoguns and your Emperors, we welcome you!

More multicultural than what might have been expected, this Pearl of the Orient that is protected by its shell of relative obscurity from the turmoil of Europe and East Asia.

I cannot get off the ship fast enough. For last night, as the ship approached Manila Bay, all were disturbed by someone screaming as if being murdered. How humiliating.

What happened last night? It was as if I shattered under the sound of a hundred million voices shouting, and put back together by someone who did not quite understand humanity. Still they linger there, at the back of my skull. All humans are their own unique souls, but I feel like my insides have been turned into filaments that only look solid due to being so compacted. One good tug might have it all unravel.

As such, as I step onto these shores, let me begin again.

What has changed, from my fate in the life before – or, perhaps more accurately, in a parallel timeline without intervention?

Look there, the walled city of Intramuros – surrounded by a moat whose small entrances are still protected by drawbridges and steel-barred gates. Can you imagine, you hypothetical persons of the twenty-first century from whom I derive this awareness, the notion of a castle town after three hundred years of cannon warfare? It was already obsolete even at the time the Spanish first arrived on these isles.

It is quaint. Even by the standards of this era, it is very quaint. And yet, I also remember fondly that I found these walls full of grandeur. It is not about safety. It is about being separate. Inside is a slice of Spain on the opposite face of the world. And outside, all the unpleasant details of managing a colony for the Empire.

This place, somehow so nostalgic and unreal.

See it with these eyes of mine, somehow adrift in time.

I have here in my head, the full text of the work that describes my life – my ignorance, my failures, my fall, my hate, and my death – and these two novels that had its author executed for sedition. Strange, I do not feel fictional. Cogito ergo sum. I think, I feel, I smell the stink of horse droppings in the street.

This is reality.

And yet…

Perhaps the best way to describe it is that I am simultaneously Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, a man born to his parents and raised in the town of San Diego along the shore of Laguna de Bay, and a synthesis with this aggregate of memories and views of a person born and raised in the turn of the millennium. Thus why my words on the outside might be steeped in the courtesy and formality drilled into me from childhood, here in the privacy of my thoughts there is only chaos and hemorrhaging verbiage.

The city changes but slowly, but in a night everything about me has changed. And the most important change of all… is that I did not arrive alone.

Knowledge can be turned into power, wealth can be power, but only power is power, and no person no matter how might can escape the limitations of having only two hands and a finite lifespan. This is why we human beings are social creatures; in that together we create great works.

A nation is composed of helping hands.

Now I am riding in a calesa. I am leaning as if on the verge of sleep, watching the world through eye slits, my fingers laced meditatively on my lap. It is far too public to freak out the way I really need to freak out.

Where do these words come from? I do not know. Where do these words go? I do not know.

But where I sit so tired and listless, my companion sits up and stares excitedly at each passing new thing. So strange! So exciting! Everything is amazing! And I cannot help but to chuckle and feel more at peace.

It is as if a veil has passed from my eyes. Everything I see before me glows in a new context. Where others of this time period, my generation, can see the humdrum reality of their poor land – a colonial possession of a colonial power whose glory had already long dwindled – I can see only possibility. Grand possibilities. Terrible possibilities.

For it is the turn of the century, and the song in the wind is –war-.


I suppose, as far as things go, my situation is not so bad. If I were in the United States, suddenly graced with this unfathomable ability, it would truly be the easiest of easy modes. Unless perhaps I were a black man, but even so the giant of industry it will become cannot be stopped. Through steel and blood and Prohibition and Europe aflame shall the United States grant all manner of wealth to the brave.

Were I a person chosen in Europe, that would be difficult indeed. Though it is full of opportunity, ever is Europe a battleground of ideas and ideals.

Is the Great War inevitable? I believe it is. Technology is advancing far faster than the mores of society, and Europe considers war its past-time. If I were heartless, I could prosper, then in two decades everything explodes. There would be greater thrill in shaping history, if that were one’s heart’s desire. I could befriend Freud and watch him slowly wither as his faith in science and the rationality of man is stripped away, a psychologist eventually suffering his own psychotic break.

That I am Crisostomo Ibarra, I feel, despite the rage in the injustice my father has suffered, is somewhat of a middle road. In ten years, the Americans will defeat Spain and purchase the Philippines, and then they will, directly and indirectly, kill one-fifth of all Filipinos in existence. The Philippine-American War, a war little studied in history, wherein both sides were barbarians.

Clack clack, caritelas pass each other by on two lanes. It is a slow meditative noise. We pass around Intramuros along and over the Pasig River, upon whose sinuous flow still floated green lillies and waters still blue rather than blackened by sewage. Here and there are carts pulled by carabaos, the dutiful black buffalo of Asia. I behold the walkers on the street and strikes me how so characteristic it is for the common Filipino male that all of them wear white shirts. The mestizo wear dark suits of more European cut. Both contrast strongly the relative brown-ness of their skin.

But in a decade or so, we would all be just ‘Asian injuns’. Just ‘niggers’, each and every one.

I am a young man yet, and yesterday only had vague goals about what to do with my life. Last night, I was screaming enough to disturb the other passengers. Now, enough freaking out, it is time to accept the task before me. Today, I have a goal.

The names might be different – I might not encounter an Aguinaldo, a Mabini, a Bonifacio or a Luna, but with Spain’s general weakness a Revolution is inevitable. There might not even be Roosevelt as President or an Einstein or Stalin born. I have not really paid much attention to politics in my studies in Berlin. The names might be diffent, but their roles will remain.

I do not want to be Jose Rizal, a national hero via martyrdom. I want to live! I want to see my life’s work complete! It is written that Emilio Aguinaldo, faded into history, actually only died in 1964. I am a young man, unmarried, reasonably wealthy, and with dead parents. The man written down as Crisostomo Ibarra will become Simoun in El Filibusterismo, a mystery man driven by a vendetta. But why wait?

I raise my hand and pat my companion’s head. He grins happily. I swipe at the air. Visible only to me, a white box appears.

The knowledge of the modern man is of little value, because the mind of the modern man is still finite. He is an ant upon the shoulders of giants who themselves stand on elephants, and perhaps upon a great turtle swimming through space. Those who dare to work through incomplete information merely lever the expertise of those around him, which is pro forma for capitalists I suppose.

And with that word – a rush of concepts erupt in my mind, like a string of pearls crashing into each other, encapsulating the thrill and danger of genius. Capital – technology – confidence – a smug grin – responsibility – a war machine – technology is mean to better mankind! – never again to make weapons – a better world from a broken man – you want to steal my tech, you think I’m afraid of you – come at me! – come at me – I am but a man!

I speak in my mind, and by the grace of God, letter by letter these words appear in the box:

“How to become Tony Stark-“

No, that will not work. I blink, and the box clears. The Philippines right now is far too technologically backward. I would need to first build the tools to build the tools to build the industry. Ten years will not be enough.

The mind of a man, no matter how much of a genius, is finite. Therefore, I have been blessed by the accumulated knowledge of all mankind, approximating one hundred and twenty years ahead. Why? Why me? Why not? Who are we to question what mission God has set before us?

Let me save those I can save; leave the questions of how to change history for the better for the later.

My companion barks with enthusiasm. This is Doggol the Dog, the much more useful adjunct to [Googol, the aggregate of human knowledge]. He is also a Welsh Corgi. He is a good boy.

He places his fluffy paws on my arm and again my mind explodes with possibilities – the encapsulation of the capitalist creed. To begin from nothing – to search for one’s fortunes in the world – with grit and perseverance – with thrift and sense – never to falter – never to quit – never to cheat another of their fair wage – be sharper than the sharpies – tougher than the toughies – I’ll make my money square!

“How to become Scrooge McDuck-“

No, I do not want to be hated, a miser who cares only for his money bit. The wealth I gather is just a means to the end.

Wealth, power, influence. How? I have access to an agrarian economy and people that respected my father for his scrupulously honest dealings. People who are still very religious and would likely turn me in were I to attempt vengeance against the priests and the Guardia Civil and this rotten, rotten court system we have. It would take an eye-opening moment of great injustice to rise up in revolt; not for my sake, but to redress their own.

The revolution is inevitable, except in the hearts of its people. I have arrived at the hotel. Fonda de Lala, its name. Founded in 1810 by the American firm Russell and Sturgis, it was later sold to an Indian mestizo named Lala Ary, and from whose name the present establishment is derived: the Fonda Francesca de Lala Ary at No.37 Barraca Street.

An idea coalesces.

Human beings need a dream as much as they need food to eat or air to breathe – it’s a world of laughter and a world of tears – a world of hope and a world of fears – there so much we share – it’s time we’re aware!

“How to become Walt Disney.”

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Noli 0.1 The Premise

In 1887, Dr. Jose Rizal wrote Noli Me Tangere, the first of two books which would mark him an enemy of Spanish colonial rule.

noli01Its main protagonist is Crisostomo Ibarra, an idealistic youth freshly returned from his studies in Spain and hoping to marry his childhood sweetheart, Maria Clara.

Yet it is not to be.

Theirs is a tragedy worse than Romeo and Juliet, though neither slay themselves out of grief. Instead, Crisostomo is left broken by the injustice and pettiness of the rule of friarocracy in Spanish Colonial Philippines, while Maria Clara would curse her own beauty. She attempts to escape an unwanted forced marriage into a convent, but she would find herself even more helpless against the priest who lusted for her body.

In Rizal’s second book, El Filibusterismo, Ibarra returns as the mysterious Simoun, a man who instead of seeking reform tempts the people in power into indulging in even more abuses to more speedily arouse the anger of the people, that they might rise up in revolt during the time of Spain’s weakness.

All the while, he tries to rescue Maria Clara. But it is too late. She has already broken.

And soon later so too would Simoun finally meet his end.

They would both die far apart, alone and unloved.

It is mandatory in the Philippine school system for students to study Rizal’s work and biography as a critical component of their country’s search for sovereignty. Many a high school student had read through the book and made to act out scenes of this historically important work.

That work gives no justice to any of the characters contained within. There is no happy ending, no payoff to any of their struggles. It is a depressing work, and it is that ring of truth in the text that woke up the people about the injustices they too suffered- they knew that they were not alone, and that these abuses cannot stand.

noli02But then, suddenly, upon the eve of his arrival – he gains a revelation.

He is granted knowledge of what is in store for him, according to Rizal. He gains the proper context for the writings, and how it would lead into the world of the future. The social mores and cultural cues of the new millennium is woven into his personality, so that he may look beyond the box of his era for a solution.

Yet even this is not enough.

So, to his understanding, an Angel of the Lord descends upon him, carrying a cup flowing with the essence of human knowledge – all of humanity’s discoveries, its hopes, its fears, its lusts and its joys, and pours it into his mind. Knowledge is power.

And to keep this knowledge from driving him mad, he is provided an interface – a familiar one, easy to use. It allows him to comprehend a number so vast it approaches infinity, one followed by a hundred zeroes, the one called [Googol].

And then, the moment leaves, and he is left with only one certainty.

His is the dream of a nation, one that wishes to break through into tomorrow.

The understanding now etched into his soul must be put to good use, or it is wasted. It is not enough that he saves himself from the pitfalls that lie ahead; he must raise up his country to a brighter, less bloody future.

Juan Crisostomo Ibarra is a man with a mission. That happy ending long denied him, long denied all those who had studied the works of Rizal, those two books that captured the long suffering lament of a nation – it is there, it can be reached, but it is not guaranteed.

Even with this ‘cheat’, he must work for it. History can be changed. Maybe for the better.

For Maria Clara.

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Noli 0.0 Preamble

“The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there.”
― L.P. Hartley, The Go-Between

My Beloved Child,

If you had the power to go back in time, would you?

How much more good can you do, with the power of hindsight? How many lives might you save, how much wealth can you effortlessly accumulate? What you consider now merely mundane would allow you to stand among the geniuses and history-makers of the past.

What you consider now merely mundane would allow you to stand among the geniuses and history-makers of the past.

All you would have to do is to give up the conveniences you modern humans take for granted.

Have you heard of the story of the Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court? Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) wrote it as a parody of this tendency of the modern to think of the past as dirty and ignorant.

For it is the way of all modern civilizations to consider themselves superior to all that had gone before. From Romans to the Renaissance, from the confidence of the Victorian British Empire to the crackling tensions of the Civil Rights Movement in America, out and out to the turn of the millennium – the newest generation always considers itself the most enlightened, the most tolerant, the most powerful, never considering that their own children would deem them the barbarians.

The benefit of hindsight makes it obvious the sins of the past. It is a popular genre, a wistful dream, to take our knowledge and mold the past into something better. To play crosstime engineer, to be an island in the sea of time, enlightening the past in a ring of fire.

But it is odd. The further and further one goes into the future, the less and less relevant one person’s knowledge becomes. You may imagine that a cloud hangs upon the Earth, a world within a world, a virtual world, where percolates all the knowledge of humanity, it’s hope and its dreams, its lusts and its spite. It is a paradigm no one could have predicted, an unconscious world-mind, as great as the discovery of fire or gunpowder or the steam engine.

Steeped in luxury, bombarded with all sorts of amusements and conversation, wealth in the billions and billions trading hands in the fractions of a second, so shining is modern civilization. And much much more fragile too than everything than had gone before.

Let us be honest here. No J Random High Schooler (or a college graduate, or even most people with doctorates) is ever really going to pull off a “Connecticut Yankee” in a parallel world. There is too much to remember. Even the Hang This in Your Time Travel Machine poster is of limited usefulness.

It is a tools to make the tools problem.

For example, pasteurization. Heat milk to below the boiling point with what thermometer are you using to measure heat so that it does not begin to affect the taste? Vaccination? With what steel needles and glass plungers in an iron age society? Annoyed with the inability to work well after dark? Run electricity through a tungsten wire what does tungsten even look like? A carbon arc lamp might be easier to make but how do I make batteries to store electricity for mobile light and firestarting?

Toilet paper? Turning paper into wood pulp involves heavy machinery and/or chemicals. What chemicals? Grow potatoes to alleviate food shortages? Potatoes are over there in the New World, what do I even have a ship through the Atlantic?

The cosmopolitan man, in any era, possesses an approximate knowledge of many things.

For in-depth knowledge of anything outside of individual special skillsets, there came to be a generation that sees fit to offload thinking skills to the Web. For whatever question? Just [Googol] it. It makes sense, for in the distant future of 2015 there is far too much to know, and even more being discovered, or commented upon, or created in every second.

There are few things as foolish as trying to do things with incomplete information.

It is very well for such a modern person to think that being brought into the past would have them hailed as a genius, but living in the past also means losing all conveniences they might take for granted. An adventure is always more pleasant to read about than to feel the hardships firsthand.

Modern knowledge is nice, but it is ultimately near useless. Perhaps a gunsmith or metalworker or an engineer who builds steam engines for a hobby, a doctor has skills that would still be useful even without access to pharmaceuticals. Perhaps someone from twenty, thirty years ago, before the Internet’s electronic soul awakened. But your average well-connected office worker?

Knowing how to work Word and Excel? How to drive? How to cook? These will not shake the world. Mathematics, biology, physics – all great things to know, but in practice? It would be a bewildering time, trying to readjust to a pre-electronic paradigm.

Hence a modern person by any definition, and unlike the wish fulfillment the stories provide, might prefer to act cautiously and try to avoid attention. The past is a foreign country, they are far more savage in getting rid of their competition there. There is no weakness in this, it is only human to avoid pain.

Even with all the knowledge in your brain, all humans still have only one life to lose.

Do not you depend on the man of tomorrow, because he is as mortal and fallible and fearful as you are!

So, the message is given to humankind: if you want to save yourselves, do it yourselves! This is the only time you have left. Yours is the grace and the burden of Free Will!

But still…

The glory of free will is its uncertainty after each decision, the same is its terror. No person, no matter how powerful or influential has the ability to get more out of life than what his mortality allows. Many cling to omens and the advice of soothsayers in the hopes of avoiding the pain of wasted effort.

But it is rarely a mercy to know too much about your fate.

And so we are given: a young man named Crisostomo Ibarra y Igsalin. The year is 1887. He is on a ship approaching Manila Bay.

And he is ‘freaking the frock out’.

M.A. McEiling


aka [Googol] of the Revolution!


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